The acquisition of property in Portugal, because it is subject to the payment of taxes, requires that you register with the Tax Authorities to obtain the corresponding taxpayer identification number;
Residents abroad, as well as those who, although resident in Portuguese territory, leave for more than six months, should appoint a representative residing in Portuguese territory for tax purposes.
If you are a resident or if you are leaving for a member state of the European Union or the European Economic Area, the designation of this representative is merely optional.
The place of residence for tax purposes is the place of habitual residence or, in the case of citizens resident abroad, the place of residence for tax purposes corresponds to that of the tax representative.
The information made available by the land registry tells you about the composition of a certain building, the legitimacy of the person intending to sell the property and the types of encumbrance that may affect it (mortgages, collateral, etc).
The land registry certificate may be requested in the following ways, in hard copy or in digital format:
This document may be requested from any tax office. It contains information about the property's tax situation and can be used to find out which entity is responsible for meeting fiscal obligations related to the property.
The purpose of the Usage Licence is to certify the intended use of the property, and that it is suitable for its licensed purpose. This licence must be requested from the City Council of the district where the property is located. However, proof of the licence request may be submitted along with the purchase agreement if the licence is yet to be issued.
The Housing Technical Datasheet is a document that describes the main technical and functional characteristics of a property. It must be requested directly from the City Council of the district where the property is located.
5. Energy Certificate (Certificado Energético)
This must be submitted by the property owner along with the purchase agreement.
6. Proof of prior payment of the Municipal Tax on Property Transactions involving valuable consideration
(Guia comprovativo do pagamento prévio do Imposto Municipal de Transações Onerosas de Imóveis)
7. Photocopies of the ID cards (or equivalent identity document) and of the taxpayer cards of the contracting parties
8. Exhibition of a power of attorney if any party is represented by a proxy
Keep in mind that situations may arise in which the so-called legal pre-emption right may apply to the property in question, which may be exercised by the City Council or by the Directorate General of Cultural Heritage, in the case of the sale of classified property or property pending classification or located in protected zones.
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Property purchases are concluded with a registration entry in the Land Registry Office. A certificate to prove ownership of the property is issued along with this registration entry.